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By Ilja A. Luciak

"An unique and thoroughly crafted piece of labor. . . . students and analysts engaged on Nicaragua will wish this book."--Rose J. Spalding, DePaul University
"Important contributions not just to the comparative literature of regime transitions (particularly 'post-socialist' transitions), but additionally to the examine of Nicaragua and relevant the United States. . . . provides a properly balanced photograph of the Sandinista list of accomplishments and screw ups, together with a well-reasoned research of who or what used to be responsible for the failures."--Richard Tardanico, Florida foreign University
while the Sandinistas got here to energy in Nicaragua, they promised to set up social and monetary democracy.  As Ilja Luciak tells us during this research of regime transitions, their legacy is blended, although they deserve credits for institutionalizing electoral democracy. whereas they more suitable the lifetime of the peasantry and accomplished a magnificent list within the components of schooling and future health, via 1990 their growth have been halted and sometimes reversed.
 Luciak continues that the Sandinistas' loss on the polls in 1990 was once a blessing in disguise:  after 11 years in strength, the innovative move wanted time to rejuvenate itself and go back to its well known roots.  He examines the evolution of Sandinista democracy and analyzes Sandinista rules towards rural grassroots activities, the organization of Rural staff and the nationwide Union of Farmers and Ranchers, exhibiting the inevitable rigidity that effects while a forefront social gathering makes an attempt to bolster participatory democracy.  He additionally examines the improvement of the tiendas campesinas  By targeting the problem that confronts societies in transition, Luciak exhibits that the Sandinista scan bargains a important caution for the political elites and for the folks of japanese Europe and the successor states of the Soviet Union. The lesson is that the Sandinistas got down to determine a brand new version of democracy that emphasised fiscal justice and direct democracy; it wound up consolidating formal democracy.  the associated fee for the consolidation of formal democracy is paid by means of the negative majority, he says, and it is usually too high.  
Ilja A. Luciak is affiliate professor of political technology at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and kingdom University.  He has released articles in such journals as Comparative Politics, magazine of Latin American experiences, and Latin American views.

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