Download E-books NASA Report on Mars Exploration: Frontier In-Situ Resource Utilization for Enabling Sustained Human Presence on Mars - ISRU, Surface Habitats, Entry Descent and Landing, Fuels, Food, Robotics PDF
By U.S. Government, National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), World Spaceflight News (WSN)
This updated overview covers using on-planet source usage to maintain an everlasting human presence on Mars. The presently recognized assets on Mars are large, together with vast amounts of water and CO2 and for that reason C, H2 and O2 for all times help, fuels and plastics and masses else. The regolith is replete with all demeanour of minerals. In Situ source usage (ISRU) acceptable frontier applied sciences contain robotics, laptop intelligence, nanotechnology, man made biology, 3D printing/additive production and autonomy. those applied sciences mixed with the sizeable usual assets should still let severe, pre- and post-human arrival ISRU to enormously bring up reliability and safeguard and decrease price for human colonization of Mars. quite a few system-level transportation ideas applying Mars produced gas might allow Mars assets to adapt right into a fundamental middle of exchange for the interior sunlight approach for ultimately approximately every little thing required for house faring and colonization. Mars assets and their exploitation through huge ISRU are the main to a workable, secure and cheap, human presence past Earth. the aim of this paper is four-fold: 1) to spotlight the most recent discoveries of water, minerals, and different fabrics on Mars that reshape our puzzling over the price and functions of Mars ISRU; 2) to summarize the former literature on Mars ISRU techniques, gear, and ways; three) to indicate to frontier ISRU applied sciences and methods which may bring about secure and reasonable human missions to Mars; and four) to indicate an implementation procedure wherein the ISRU parts are phased into the challenge crusade through the years to allow a sustainable and extending human presence on Mars. bankruptcy 1 - advent * bankruptcy 2 - present recognized assets on Mars * bankruptcy three - earlier ISRU techniques and applied sciences * 3.1 gasoline and existence help Fluids * 3.1.1 Conversion of hydrogen, carbon, and oxygen into methane, oxidizer, and lifestyles aid fluids * 3.1.2 Plastics From O2, H2, and C * 3.2 Habitats (Mars floor) * 3.3 power and tool structures * 3.4 nutrients * 3.5 EDL (Entry Descent and touchdown) * 3.6 Spare components, floor Transportation and different apparatus * bankruptcy four - New ISRU methods and applied sciences * 4.1 acquiring H2, O2, C from Martian resources * 4.2 Making, Storing, Transporting Fuels & lifestyles aid Fluids * 4.3 Plastics and Metals * 4.4 meals * 4.5 Fabrication on Mars (In Situ Fabrication & fix) * 4.6 self reliant Robotics for ISRU * 4.7 Reusable Up/Down "Mars vehicles" * 4.8 floor Mobility (Landing website software & EVAs) * 4.9 Habitat techniques * 4.10 Energetics for Mars ISRU and Sustainable Human Presence * 4.11 EDL concepts for Humans-Mars ISRU Architectures * bankruptcy five - towards reaching Sustainability * 5.1 Enablers for a Sustained Mars Presence * 5.2 Addressing defense * 5.3 Addressing Affordability * bankruptcy 6 - A Phased technique for a Sustained Human Presence on Mars * part 1: touchdown web site choice and Water Extraction Go-Ahead * section 2: guidance for secure touchdown and Habitation via preliminary Colonists/Pioneers * section three: Arrival of First Astronauts and education for moment Wave of Colonists/Pioneers * section four: allowing Exploration and/or extra touchdown websites * part five: permitting a Prescribed go back to Earth * part 6: complicated ISRU Comes of Age * bankruptcy 7 - end * 7.1 instructed ISRU similar learn components
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