Category: Central America

Download E-books Balancing the World: Contemporary Maya ajq'ijab in Quetzaltenango, Guatemala PDF

In Balancing the World, the writer illuminates what an ajq’ij, or «daykeeper», is through proposing fabric he accrued in a chain of interviews with practitioners of Maya spirituality. often categorised as Maya clergymen, shamans, non secular courses, or maybe witches, the boys and girls known as ajq’ijab do various paintings to aid their viewers, their ancestors, the spirits and the realm itself. 9 interviewees from the Quetzaltenango region within the Guatemalan highlands inform approximately how they treatment and dodge disease, practice divinations, converse with the ancestors and do their half in balancing the realm. such a lot of them agree that they've been selected for this accountability and so they see it as either a present and a burden.

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Download E-books Latinas in the United States: A Historical Encyclopedia (3 volume set) PDF

By Virginia Sánchez Korrol

Latinas within the usa: A ancient Encyclopedia documents the contribution of ladies of Latin American start or historical past to the commercial and cultural improvement of the U.S.. The encyclopedia, edited via Vicki L. Ruiz and Virginia Sánchez-Korrol, is the 1st entire collecting of scholarship on Latinas. This encyclopedia will function an important reference for many years to come.

In greater than 580 entries, the old and cultural narratives of Latinas come to existence. From mestizo payment, pioneer existence, and diasporic groups, the encyclopedia info the contributions of girls as settlers, comadres, and landowners, as organizers and nuns. greater than 2 hundred students discover the reports of Latinas in the course of and after EuroAmerican colonization and conquest; the early-19th-century migration of Puerto Ricans and Cubans; 20th-century problems with migration, cultural culture, exertions, gender roles, neighborhood association, and politics; and lots more and plenty extra. person biographical entries profile ladies who've left their mark at the historic and cultural landscape.

With greater than three hundred pictures, Latinas within the usa bargains a mosaic of old reviews, detailing how Latinas have formed their very own lives, cultures, and groups via mutual information and collective motion, whereas confronting the pressures of colonialism, racism, discrimination, sexism, and poverty.

"Meant for students and basic readers, it is a nice source on Latinas and old themes attached with them."―

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Download E-books Armies without Nations: Public Violence and State Formation in Central America, 1821-1960 PDF

By Robert H. Holden

Public violence, a chronic function of Latin American lifestyles because the cave in of Iberian rule within the 1820s, has been particularly trendy in vital the United States. Robert H. Holden exhibits how public violence formed the states that experience ruled Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua. Linking public violence and patrimonial political cultures, he indicates how the early states improvised their authority via bargaining with armed bands or montoneras. Improvisation persisted into the 20th century because the bands have been steadily outmoded via semi-autonomous nationwide armies, and as new brokers of public violence emerged within the kind of armed insurgencies and loss of life squads. international struggle II, Holden argues, set into movement the globalization of public violence. Its such a lot dramatic manifestation in crucial the US used to be the surge in U.S. army and police collaboration with the governments of the sector, starting with the Lend-Lease software of the Forties and carrying on with throughout the chilly struggle. even though the scope of public violence had already been tested through the folks of the critical American nations, globalization intensified the violence and inhibited makes an attempt to decrease its scope. Drawing on archival examine in all 5 nations in addition to within the usa, Holden elaborates the connections one of the nationwide, local, and foreign dimensions of public violence. Armies with out Nations crosses the borders of important American, Latin American, and North American heritage, offering a version for the examine of world heritage and politics.

Armies with out Nations was once a CHOICE amazing educational name for 2005.

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Download E-books Panama City, Panama's Pacific Islands & Colón PDF

By Patricia Katzman

We go back and forth to develop – our experience courses exhibit you ways. event the areas you stopover at extra at once, freshly, intensely than you'll in a different way – occasionally top performed strolling, in a canoe, or via cultural adventures like artwork classes, cooking periods, studying the language, assembly the folk, becoming a member of within the fairs and celebrations. this may make your journey life-changing, unforgettable. all the specified info you would like is right here concerning the resorts, eating places, buying, sightseeing. yet we additionally lead you to new discoveries, turning corners you have not grew to become earlier than, assisting you to have interaction with the realm in new methods. that is what makes our event courses specified.

"I am the trip editor for a countrywide go back and forth journal and feature lately had the privilege of utilizing Patricia Katzmans first-class consultant e-book to Panama. First, the canopy is phenomenal, the best i've got obvious. I enjoyed the entire pictures...they extra quite a bit. moment, the print is readable. 3rd, and most vital, i discovered this advisor to be tremendous invaluable to the common vacationer making plans a visit. a few of the parts and actions and how to arrive every one vacation spot have been good researched. I ponder many consultant books to be worthwhile purely to people who comprehend precisely the place they're going (probably with a travel) and wish to examine what they'll see. Pat writes with a slightly of humor and a feeling of heritage that brough every one quarter alive. I had the sensation she knew her topic good and that i will be prone to belief her judgment. Her bankruptcy at the Darien, even integrated a number of "reasons to not pass" or a minimum of, not to pass on my own. nice source material." -- Mary Jo Plouf

"What a superb shock this advisor booklet has been! My spouse and that i are off to Panama for a number of weeks in 2005. We stumbled upon this publication whereas trying to find reference fabric for our journey. Patricia Katzman has a terrifically attractive writing variety that makes one are looking to learn the whole ebook, not only sections that one is touring too. There are seventy three pages of targeted introductory chapters, the best way to get there, what to anticipate. Then each one province is mentioned in info, together with areas to not pass over, in addition to these slim darkish streets to prevent. There are four sections of complete colour pictures depicting the interesting humans and gorgeous nation-state of Panama. this is often through a long way the main priceless and good written guidebook i've got ever learn (and i've got learn many dozens)." -- Captain Clam

Mother nature has bequeathed Panama with a few attractive spots, wealthy soils and an enormous bio-diversity. White- and black-sand shores trade with mangrove mazes alongside the coast. glowing wild rivers overflowing with trout run via jungle-clad canyons jam-packed with colourful flora. This e-book makes a speciality of Panama urban, gateway for viewers, the Colón quarter, the Pacific Islands, akin to Taboga, the Pearl Islands, japanese & Western Panama provinces, Colón, Portobelo, Isla Grande and extra. strolling excursions stopover at ancient forts, gold museums, vintage urban parks and bustling crafts markets. certain realization is given to the country's nationwide parks. contains large information regarding Panama as an entire, the way to get there, tips to get round, the heritage, tradition, food, the economic climate, politics, plant life & fauna, fairs and lots more and plenty extra.

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Download E-books Confronting the American Dream: Nicaragua under U.S. Imperial Rule (American Encounters/Global Interactions) PDF

By Michel Gobat

Michel Gobat deftly interweaves political, fiscal, cultural, and diplomatic heritage to research the reactions of Nicaraguans to U.S. intervention of their nation from the heyday of show up future within the mid–nineteenth century in the course of the U.S. profession of 1912–33. Drawing on huge examine in Nicaraguan and U.S. files, Gobat money owed for 2 seeming paradoxes that experience lengthy eluded historians of Latin the USA: that Nicaraguans so strongly embraced U.S. political, monetary, and cultural types to shield their very own nationality opposed to U.S. imposition and that the country’s wealthiest and so much Americanized elites have been remodeled from prime supporters of U.S. imperial rule into a few of its maximum opponents.

Gobat focuses totally on the reactions of the elites to Americanization, as the strength and identification of those Nicaraguans have been the main considerably stricken by U.S. imperial rule. He describes their adoption of points of “the American lifestyle” within the mid–nineteenth century as strategic instead of wholesale. Chronicling the U.S. profession of 1912–33, he argues that the anti-American flip of Nicaragua’s so much Americanized oligarchs stemmed mostly from the efforts of U.S. bankers, marines, and missionaries to unfold their very own model of the yankee dream. partially, the oligarchs’ reversal mirrored their ache over the Nineteen Twenties upward thrust of Protestantism, the “modern woman,” and different “vices of modernity” emanating from the USA. however it additionally answered to the accidental ways in which U.S. modernization efforts enabled peasants to weaken landlord strength. Gobat demonstrates that the U.S. career so profoundly affected Nicaragua that it helped engender the Sandino uprising of 1927–33, the Somoza dictatorship of 1936–79, and the Sandinista Revolution of 1979–90.

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Download E-books Going to School in Latin America (The Global School Room) PDF

Latin the United States has great variety geographically, politically, and demographically. a few nations resembling Argentina, Brazil and Chile, take pleasure in a time of peace and transforming into prosperity, whereas different international locations comparable to Bolivia and Columbia are suffering from executive and fiscal concerns. This quantity examines the background and current academic structures, either private and non-private, of roughly 15 nations within the Latin American zone, in addition to an afternoon within the lifestyles characteristic that exhibits what the college day is like from the scholars' aspect of view.

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Download E-books Land and Labour in Latin America: Essays on the Development of Agrarian Capitalism in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries (Cambridge Latin American Studies) PDF

By Kenneth Duncan, Ian Rutledge, Colin Harding

There was enormous controversy among social and fiscal historians, anthropologists, economists, sociologists, political scientists and different experts about the nature and constitution of Latin American agrarian society. increasingly more reviews have come to problem the characteristically authorized view that the backwardness of rural Latin the US and its resistance to 'modernisation' are end result of the patience of feudal or non-feudal kinds of social and financial employer. as an alternative recognition has shifted to an exam of the social and monetary dislocations as a result of makes an attempt to impose capitalist different types of agrarian company on peasant or pre-capitalist societies. This ebook of essays via a world workforce of students represents a considerable empirical contribution to the continuing debate. This ebook might be of curiosity not just to experts within the box, but in addition to someone wishing to appreciate the historic strategies underlying modern Latin America's advanced land tenure and rural employment difficulties.

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Download E-books Undoing Democracy: The Politics of Electoral Caudillismo PDF

By David Close

To be able to know the way and why democratically elected governments ward off the constraints that democratic responsibility and well known participation position on them, Undoing Democracy examines how democratic rule was once undermined in Nicaragua within the 1990's. David shut and Kalowatie Deonandan concentration their research at the pact struck among the country's major events, the Liberals and the Sandinistas, which allowed the passage of the constitutional amendments that weakened Nicaragua's uncomplicated political associations. The authors additionally reflect on, intimately, the country's political economic system in addition to the jobs performed through civil society, the Catholic Church, and N.G.O.s. Undoing Democracy will sharpen our figuring out of democratic transition and consolidation, and may function an enormous contribution to the literature on Nicaragua, Latin American politics, and democratization.

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Download E-books Somoza and Roosevelt: Good Neighbour Diplomacy in Nicaragua, 1933-1945 (Oxford Historical Monographs) PDF

By Andrew Crawley

Franklin Roosevelt's sturdy neighbour coverage, coming within the wake of many years folks intervention in significant the US, and following a long US army profession of Nicaragua, marked an important shift in US coverage in the direction of Latin the USA. Its uncomplicated tenets have been non-intervention and non-interference. The interval was once highly major for Nicaragua, because it witnessed the production and consolidation of the Somoza govt - considered one of Latin America's such a lot enduring authoritarian regimes, which persisted from 1936 to the sandinista revolution in 1979. Addressing the political, diplomatic, army, advertisement, monetary, and intelligence parts people coverage, Andrew Crawley analyses the history to the USA army withdrawal from Nicaragua within the early Nineteen Thirties. He assesses the motivations for Washington's coverage of disengagement from foreign affairs, and the production of the Nicaraguan nationwide protect, in addition to debating US responsibility for what the defend grew to become below Somoza. Crawley successfully demanding situations the normal conception that Somoza's regime used to be a creature of Washington. It used to be US non-intervention, no longer interference, he argues, that more suitable the customers of tyranny.

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Download E-books Caribbean Public Policy: Regional, Cultural, And Socioeconomic Issues For The 21st Century PDF

Developing nations, together with these within the Caribbean, are urgently trying to establish new moorings within the post–Cold conflict global, that's characterised through advanced new monetary and sociopolitical demanding situations. Caribbean nations needs to now compete for funding capital and markets whereas striving for social fairness, preserving consultant democracy, and keeping the environment.This e-book bargains a entire assessment of public coverage concerns within the zone, having a look particularly at those very important subject matters: fiscal coverage, the local company surroundings, regionalism and integration, better schooling, health and wellbeing care, exertions and migration, gender, drug abuse and narcotrafficking, the surroundings, telecommunications, and technology and expertise. The members, all eminent representatives from the English, Spanish, French, and Dutch Caribbean, compile culturally assorted viewpoints and handle concerns with a fresh directness, assessing realities, demanding situations, and attainable futures of the Caribbean.

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