Category: Central America

Download E-books Dreaming Equality: Color, Race, and Racism in Urban Brazil PDF

By Robin E. Sheriff

In the 1933 book The Masters and the Slaves, Brazilian student and novelist Gilberto Freyre challenged the racist rules of his day through protecting the “African contribution” to Brazil’s tradition. In so doing, he proposed that Brazil was once rather freed from such a lot varieties of racial prejudice and will most sensible be understood as a “racial democracy.” over the years this view has grown into the preferred fable that racism in Brazil is particularly gentle or nonexistent.

This delusion contrasts starkly with the realities of a pernicious racial inequality that permeates each point of Brazilian lifestyles. to check the grip of this fable on African Brazilians’ perspectives of themselves and their country, Robin E. Sheriff spent twenty months in a basically black shantytown in Rio de Janeiro, learning the inhabitants’s perspectives of race and racism. How, she asks, do bad African Brazilians adventure and interpret racism in a rustic the place its very lifestyles has a tendency to be publicly denied? How is racism referred to privately within the kinfolk and publicly within the community—or is it said at all?

Sheriff’s research is especially vital simply because such a lot Brazilians dwell in city settings, and her exam in their perspectives of race and racism sheds gentle on universal yet underarticulated racial attitudes. This e-book is the 1st to illustrate that city African Brazilians don't sign up for the racial democracy fantasy and realize racism as a significant issue shaping their lives.

Show description

Download E-books Maya Roads: One Woman's Journey Among the People of the Rainforest PDF

By Mary Jo McConahay

In Maya Roads, McConahay attracts upon her 3 a long time of touring and dwelling in important America's distant landscapes to create a desirable chronicle of the folk, politics, archaeology, and species of the important American rainforest, the cradle of Maya civilization. Captivated through the beauty and secret of the jungle, the writer brings to existence the serious good looks, the glorious locales, the traditional ruins, and the bad violence. She witnesses archaeological discoveries, the transformation of the Lacandon humans, the Zapatista indigenous rebellion in Mexico, elevated drug trafficking, and assists within the uncovering of a struggle crime. Over the a long time, McConahay has witnessed nice alterations within the sector, and it is a unique tale of a woman's event and the variation and get to the bottom of of a people.

Show description

Download E-books In the Realm of Nachan Kan: Postclassic Maya Archaeology at Laguna De On, Belize (Mesoamerican Worlds) PDF

By Marilyn A. Masson

The triumphing view of the lowland Maya throughout the Postclassic interval (A.D. 1050-1500) has been one among an impoverished, "degenerated" society with out cultural accomplishment. notwithstanding, Marilyn A. Masson deals a clean interpretation of this society as one who represented a fancy, subtle, wide association of semiautonomous devices that have been heavily built-in, but embraced a decentralized political economy.

In the world of Nachan Kan opens a window on Postclassic Maya styles of cultural improvement and association via a detailed exam of the small rural island of Laguna de On, a place that used to be far away from the governing political facilities of the day. utilizing diachronic research of local payment styles, ceramic traditions, loved ones and formality positive aspects, and artifacts from the positioning, Masson tracks developmental adjustments during the Postclassic interval. those info recommend that prosperous styles of monetary construction and native and long-distance alternate have been verified inside northern Belize by means of the 11th century, and persevered to increase, nearly uninterrupted, until eventually the time of Spanish arrival.

additionally, Masson analyzes modern political and spiritual creative traditions on the temples of Mayapan, Tulum, and Santa Rita to supply a nearby context for the alterations in group styles at Laguna de On. those cultural alterations, she keeps, are heavily correlated with the increase of Mayapan to strength and participation of web sites like Laguna de On in a pan-lowland fiscal and formality interplay sphere. delivering a completely new interpretation of Postclassic Mayan civilization. In the area of Nachan Kan is a needs to for students of Mesoamerican heritage and culture.

Show description

Download E-books Argentina: The Challenges of Modernization (Latin American Silhouettes) PDF

Argentina has been modernizing at breakneck pace within the post-Peron, post-military years. This choice of articles appears to be like on the modernization procedure and contains a number of articles via Argentine politicians and policymakers. Argentina: The demanding situations of Modernization analyzes the problems the rustic faces within the Nineteen Nineties, over a decade after the recovery of democracy and several other years after the tip of the chilly battle.

Show description

Download E-books Conquest and Survival in Colonial Guatemala: A Historical Geography of the Cuchumatn Highlands, 1500-1821, Third edition PDF

Exposes the colonial roots of difficulties on the center of Guatemala's ongoing political crises George Lovell's vintage paintings, established totally on unpublished archival assets, examines the effect of Spanish rule at the Sierra de los Cuchumatanes, an remoted area of Guatemala operating alongside the country's north-western border with Mexico. even though Spanish imperialism left its mark, Lovell unearths that the colourful Maya tradition present in the Cuchumatan highlands used to be no longer obliterated and, even supposing less than massive tension, endures to today.

Show description

Download E-books Racism and Discourse in Spain and Latin America (Discourse Approaches to Politics, Society and Culture) PDF

This new e-book extends Teun A. van Dijk’s previous learn on discursive racism to the Latin global. He provides a primary stock of elite discourse and racism in Spain and Latin the United States through interpreting discursive reactions in Spain to fresh immigration, in addition to age-old racism and ethnicism in textual content and speak in Latin the USA (especially Mexico, Brazil, Argentina and Chile). via cautious research of the media, political discourse, textbooks and different public discourses in those international locations he indicates that discursive euro-racism is ubiquitous additionally in nations outdoors Europe. Spain reproduces, yet as but in a much less radical approach, the type of racist discourse we discover somewhere else in Western Europe. In Latin the US, ethnicism and racism opposed to the indigenous peoples and opposed to Afrolatins has prevailed in elite discourse considering the fact that colonialism and slavery.
This is the 1st built-in research of discursive racism within the Latin international and gives an invaluable framework for comparable learn.

Show description

Download E-books Crisis and Contradiction: Marxist Perspectives on Latin America in the Global Political Economy (Historical Materialism) PDF

Since the past due Nineteen Nineties, Latin the US has skilled a flip to the Left, within the electoral area, and with a rejuvenation of Marxist opinions of political economic climate. Drawing at the services of students from worldwide this quantity bargains state-of-the-art theoretical explorations of developments within the zone, in addition to in-depth case reports of Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, and Venezuela.

Show description

Download E-books Crime and Punishment in Latin America: Law and Society Since Late Colonial Times PDF

By Ricardo D. Salvatore

Crowning a decade of leading edge efforts within the old learn of legislation and criminal phenomena within the quarter, Crime and Punishment in Latin America deals a suite of essays that take care of the a number of elements of the connection among traditional humans and the legislations. construction on quite a few methodological and theoretical trends—cultural historical past, subaltern stories, new political heritage, and others—the members percentage the conviction that legislations and criminal phenomena are the most important parts within the formation and functioning of contemporary Latin American societies and, as such, must be dropped at the vanguard of scholarly debates in regards to the region’s previous and present.
While disassociating legislation from a strictly legalist process, the amount showcases a couple of hugely unique experiences on issues resembling the function of legislations in approaches of country formation and social and political clash, the resonance among felony and cultural phenomena, and the contested nature of law-enforcing discourses and practices. Treating legislation as an ambiguous and malleable enviornment of fight, the members to this volume—scholars from North and Latin the US who symbolize the recent wave in felony historical past that has emerged in fresh years-- display that legislation not just produces and reformulates tradition, but in addition shapes and is formed by means of higher techniques of political, social, financial, and cultural swap. moreover, they provide precious insights concerning the ways that felony structures and cultures in Latin the USA examine to these in England, Western Europe, and the United States.
This quantity will entice students in Latin American reviews and to these attracted to the social, cultural, and comparative heritage of legislation and felony phenomena.

Contributors. Carlos Aguirre, Dain Borges, Lila Caimari, Arlene J. Díaz, Luis A. Gonzalez, Donna J. man, Douglas Hay, Gilbert M. Joseph, Juan Manuel Palacio, Diana Paton, Pablo Piccato, Cristina Rivera Garza, Kristin Ruggiero, Ricardo D. Salvatore, Charles F. Walker

Show description

Download E-books No Higher Law: American Foreign Policy and the Western Hemisphere since 1776 PDF

By Brian Loveman

Dismantling the myths of usa isolationism and exceptionalism, No larger Law is a sweeping historical past and research of yankee coverage towards the Western Hemisphere and Latin the United States from independence to the current. From the nation's earliest days, argues Brian Loveman, U.S. leaders seen and handled Latin the United States as a crucible during which to check overseas coverage and from which to extend American international impression. Loveman demonstrates how the most doctrines and rules followed for the Western Hemisphere have been exported, with changes, to different international areas because the usa pursued its self-defined international mission.

No larger Law unearths the interaction of household politics and foreign situations that formed key American overseas rules from U.S. independence to the 1st decade of the twenty-first century. This revisionist view considers the influence of slavery, racism, ethnic detoxification opposed to local american citizens, debates on immigration, exchange and price lists, the ancient progress of the military-industrial complicated, and political corruption as severe dimensions of yank politics and international policy.

Concluding with an epilogue at the Obama management, Loveman weaves jointly the complicated historical past of U.S. family politics and overseas coverage to accomplish a broader old knowing of yankee expansionism, militarism, imperialism, and international pursuits in addition to novel insights into the demanding situations dealing with American policymakers before everything of the twenty-first century.

Show description

Download E-books Theory In the Practice of the Nicaraguan Revolution (Ohio University Center for International Studies, Monographs; Latin American Studies Number 24) PDF

By Bruce E. Wright

Even within the interval following the electoral defeat of the Sandinista nationwide Liberation entrance (FSLN) in 1990, the revolution of 1979 maintains to have a profound impact at the political economic system of Nicaragua. Wright’s examine, that is in keeping with interviews with humans from all walks of life—from executive and occasion officers to lecturers and campesinos—as good as at the huge quantity of literature in either English and Spanish, makes a speciality of the FSLN knowing of the relationships among the kingdom, the occasion, and mass actors, and the character of social sessions. Wright considers the subjects of agrarian reform, the advance of mass companies, the position of work, and different points of the Nicaraguan political financial system with the intention to determine their value in theoretical in addition to useful terms.

Show description